Sansevieria pinguicula Dwarf Origin and Habitat: Sansevieria pinguicula is only known from the Bura area of Kenya, Northern Frontier District Tana River region, near Garissa.
Altitude range: 50–250 metres above sea level.
Altitude range: Sansevieria pinguicula is a very stout plant found in one of the most arid areas in Kenya, and will thrive in a wide range of soils ranging from clay to nearly bare rock. This harsh habitats harbour a rich succulent flora comprising: Aeonium leucoblepharum, Cotyledon barbeyi, Crassula schimperi, Cynanchum viminale, Kalanchoe citrina, Huernia keniensi, just to cite a few of the more common
Description: Sansevieria pinguicula, also known as the walking sansevieria, is a short-stemmed succulent herb 20-30 cm high, resembling a dwarf agave because of thick leaves with a pointed end. It is a slow-growing, choice species much prized by collectors for its peculiar growing habit. Unlike most sansevieria which grow from an underground rhizome, this species produces aerial stolons which terminate in new plantlets. These then produce stilt-like roots that extend downward to the ground, resulting in a plant that appears to be walking away from its parent. The species was described by Peter René Oscar Bally in 1943.
Derivation of specific name: The name is derived from the Latin “pinguis”, meaning “fat”, attributed to the shape of the leaves.
Leaves: 5–7, thickly fleshy, uniformly blue-green, arranged in a rosette and lunate (moon shaped) in cross section, 12–30 cm long, 2.8-3.5 cm thick, tipped with a single horny, very sharp spine. Channel wide, concave-angular, from base to apex, with reddish-brown horny margins edged with tough, papery white cuticle. The underside of each leaf is convex, smooth when water is plentiful but develops 2–7 more or less well defined longitudinal grooves in drier conditions as the plant draws upon the water stored in its leaves, allowing it to survive in one of the most arid regions of Kenya. The surface is covered in a thick waxy cuticle, and contain the deepest stomata of any sansevieria species
Roots: Stilt-like roots are the distinguishing trait of S. pinguicula. Each rosette produces several of these roots, which can elevate the plant several centimetres off the ground and are covered in a thick brown cuticle. Fine roots are produced underground and are responsible for nutrient and moisture absorption. During the dry season, the fine roots will die, and the plant will enter dormancy. However, the thick succulent roots survive and the plant will resume growth once the wet season arrives and the roots regrow.