Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) is a unique spice having morphological resemblance with ginger but imparts a raw mango flavour. The main use of mango ginger rhizome is in the manufacture of pickles and culinary preparations. Ayurveda and Unani medicinal systems have given much importance to mango ginger as an appetizer, alexteric, antipyretic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, emollient, expectorant and laxative and to cure biliousness, itching, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma, hiccough and inflammation due to injuries. The biological activities of mango ginger include antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, anti-inflammatory activity, platelet aggregation inhibitory activity, cytotoxicity, antiallergic activity, hypotriglyceridemic activity, brine-shrimp lethal activity, enterokinase inhibitory activity, CNS depressant and analgesic activity. The major chemical components include starch, phenolic acids, volatile oils, curcuminoids and terpenoids like difurocumenonol, amadannulen and amadaldehyde. This article brings to light the major active components present in C. amada along with their biological activities that may be important from the pharmacological point of view.
If you have ever been invited to a South Indian meal, possibility is that you are going to be served with this perhaps in the form of pickle. Pickles in south India and chutneys in north india are made from Mango Ginger which gives your meal a different and mouth watering taste. The taxonomy of the species is a subject of some confusion as some authorities have considered the name C. mangga as identical while others describe it as a distinct species with C. mangga being found in southern India while C. amada is of east Indian origin. It is a seasonal plant and it’s often found in parts of Gujarat, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Himalayas, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu in India.
The Curcuma plant has powerful properties.
- An antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and an antioxidant.
- A good appetizer, a calming agent.
- An anti-allergenic
- An analgesic
- Works as a depressant
- Cytotoxic i.e. works as an immune cell or venom in our body
- Have properties that inhibit the growth of triglycerides in our body